Date of Award

Spring 5-12-2023

Document Type

Project (696 or 796 registration)

Degree Name

Master of Science in Curriculum & Instruction


Graduate Studies

Committee Chair

Kathy Enger


There is a growing concern among educators regarding how children best develop early literacy skills. Due to this educational concern, the purpose of this study was to investigate and build a better understanding of how explicit and systematic phonics, phonemic, and phonological awareness instruction impact kindergarten and first-grade student’s ability to decode text. Participants of the study included students currently enrolled in the researcher’s kindergarten and first-grade classrooms within two elementary schools consisting of 54 students. The researchers modeled and taught literacy skills and concepts on a daily basis with all students using explicit and systematic literacy instruction. The research design was a quantitative study using data collected through a FastBridge Nonsense Word Fluency screener (Illuminate Education Inc., 2023) on a biweekly basis analyzing a student's ability to decode. The study took place during the 2022-2023 academic school year. The results of the study indicate there is a significant correlation between explicit and systematic instruction of early literacy skills and a student’s ability to decode.



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