Date of Award

Spring 5-10-2018

Document Type

Project (696 or 796 registration)

Degree Name

Master of Science in Special Education


Graduate Studies

Committee Chair

Ximena Suarez-Sousa


Prompt, Pictorial, Special Education


The purpose of this study was to find if students were able to follow a verbal general instruction more successfully when paired with a visual prompt versus instruction given with only a verbal prompt. This study looked at students with cognitive disabilities, specifically students who have an IQ of 70 or lower. The study looks to see if pairing a visual with a verbal prompt will increase the understanding of the request from staff. With the research that was conducted, the researcher wanted to obtain a better understanding of students with disabilities’ aptitude when given a simple direction verbally versus a simple direction given verbally paired with a known visual. The researcher analyzed successfulness of direction being requested along with the degree and quantity of unwanted behaviors performed during tasks. The number of tasks presented to participants is analyzed throughout a portion of the study to obtain an understanding of how often a participant is directed to complete any daily task. The results of this research study is to provide assistance to the researcher to better her teachings with students with disabilities. The study also provided the motivation to discover more strategies to assist in completion of functional tasks for students with disabilities.

Included in

Education Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.