Date of Award

Fall 12-14-2023

Document Type

Project Abstract (696 or 796 registration)

Degree Name

Master of Science in Curriculum & Instruction


Graduate Studies

Committee Chair

Michael Coquyt


Fluency, Literacy, Fluency growth, Developmentally appropriate instruction, Small group reading, Decoding words


A student’s ability to read fluently is an extremely vital skill, necessary to allow them to succeed both in an academic setting and in everyday life. To guide those developing readers in increasing their independent reading fluency, abilities educators must have the correct instructional methods and tools that are developmentally appropriate to provide meaningful instruction. This quantitative action research project explores the use of decodable readers versus leveled text for students who are still developing the phonemic skills and recognition needed to read fluently. A decodable reader allows a student to explicitly practice one phonemic skill to mastery before adding in another concept. This sequential approach is more suitable for primary aged readers, who are still struggling to read fluently at grade level. Throughout the experiment, one group that consisted of developing readers worked with decodable readers to help increase reading fluency, while the other group of students that are closer to grade level for reading fluency, utilized leveled text. There was an increase in reading fluency for both groups, but the research and data collected clearly shows that the use of decodable readers allowed for a quicker and more substantial increase in words per minute for students.



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