Date of Award

Spring 5-12-2023

Document Type

Project (696 or 796 registration)

Degree Name

Master of Science in Educational Leadership


Graduate Studies

Committee Chair

Caitlin Johnson


small group, fact fluency, multiplication, number sense



This study will focus on the impact small group and individual instruction has on fact fluency. The specific group of facts being multiplication facts 0-12. This study will be based in a 6th grade math classroom in rural, central Minnesota. Students will be given a pre-test to assess their base knowledge of multiplication facts 0-12. Over the course of the study, student progress will be monitored through different interventions along with progress monitoring through the use of FastBridge. At the end of the study, students will also receive a post-test to help solidify the validity of the results for the study.

During this study, students were divided into groups based upon which multiplication facts they needed more practice in. Students worked in small groups with the teacher-researcher with the main focus on skip counting and finding patterns. 1 day a week students participated in a whole group activity, 3 days a week they worked in selected small groups with the teacher researcher, and 1 day of the week students did progress monitoring. Through the process the researcher found that implementing small group and whole group instruction that focuses on number sense and fact fluency did improve students’ overall multiplication fact fluency.



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