Date of Award

Fall 12-15-2022

Document Type

Thesis (699 registration)

Degree Name

Master of Science in Counseling


Graduate Studies

Committee Chair

Aaron Suomala-Folkerds


Masculinity, Depression, Hegemonic, Mental Health, Gender, Social Justice


This study examined how the counseling literature between the years of 2012-2021 addressed the diagnosis and treatment for men with depression. Qualitative Content Analysis (QCA) was used to examine four publications of the American Counseling Association: Journal of Counseling and Development (JCD), Journal of Humanistic Counseling (JHC), Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development (JMCD), and Counselor Education and Supervision (CES). Four research questions guided the study: 1. How many articles in the selected counseling journals focus on men and depression between 2012 and 2021, and what percentage of the total articles do they represent? 2. What specific types of studies and literature exist to explore men and depression (qualitative, quantitative, or theoretical) in each of the journals from 2012 to 2021? 3. What specific treatment recommendations are given to counselors for treating men with depression in the research that exists in the selected counseling journals from 2012 to 2021? 4. What overarching categories or themes emerge from the counseling literature that focuses on men and depression between 2012 and 2021? Twenty-three articles were found between 2012-2021 that addressed counseling treatment and mental health issues for men. Six themes emerged from the analysis of these 23 articles: Theme #1: Male perspectives on historically female issues, Theme #2: Context, community, worldview and development, Theme #3: Expanding the meaning of masculinity, Theme #4: Help seeking barriers for men, Theme #5: Masculinity as a social justice issue, Theme #6: Racist oppression and masculinity. Conclusions of this study were that although the counseling research adds rich discussion on the implications of masculinity and mental health more research is needed to find a more accurate conceptualization of masculine depression and evidence-based treatment methods for counselors.

Included in

Counseling Commons



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