Date of Award

Winter 12-2021

Document Type

Project (696 or 796 registration)

Degree Name

Master of Science in School Psychology


Graduate Studies

Committee Chair

Mary Dosch


phoneme-grapheme mapping, phonics, learning disability, orthographic mapping, The Big Five, Ehri's phases of word reading development


Literacy is widely accepted as a critical life skill in the United States, but many students struggle to acquire the necessary foundational skills. The National Reading Panel of the National Institute of Child Health and Development established The Big Five which identified five critical areas for effective reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. There are 26 letters or graphemes represented in the English language and 44 sounds or phonemes. The connection between grapheme and phoneme is referred to as correspondences. A first-grade student, from a Midwest elementary school, was given a phoneme-grapheme mapping intervention to assist in strengthening her foundational phonics skills. This was done using Phonics and Spelling Through Phoneme-Grapheme Mapping (Grace, 2001) supplemental resource. The intervention was given three days a week, across seven weeks. The results suggest the phoneme-grapheme mapping practice did increase the student’s fluency in letter-word-sound mapping. Although the student made progress, she will need to have intense instruction and support to gain grade level skills she needs. Additional factors to consider are her attention and district curriculum for reading.



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