Social Media and Self-esteem Small Group for Adolescent Girls

Date of Award

Spring 5-14-2021

Document Type

Project (696 or 796 registration)

Degree Name

Master of Science in Counseling


Graduate Studies

Committee Chair

Taryn Akgul


social media, self-esteem, social comparison, adolescent, female


With the rise of social media comes copious amounts of underlying effects on social media users. Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between social media use and mental health, specifical self-esteem. However, there has been a lack of research investigating gender differences in self-esteem and social media. Using the Social Comparison theory as a framework, the following literature review examined the effects of social media on self-esteem while men and women engage in social comparison during social media use. The findings suggest that women are more susceptible to social comparison tendencies when engaging in social media sites. There is a lack of research associated with social media and self-esteem when engaging in social comparison tendencies in men leaving an underdeveloped understanding of the effects it has on males. In turn, this highlights the need for early intervention in women and the way social media is used. This group manual was created to serve adolescent females in grades 6 to 9 by providing them with the skills necessary to navigate social media in an effective manner.

Abstract only: No full text available.